Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev was a Russian neurophysiologist and psychiatrist who studied the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. He contributed to the acquisition of knowledge about brain formation, investigated reflexes, psychiatric disorders, and identified the localization of brain function. His name is associated with Bectereu’s disease, various reflex effects, and several anatomical structures. In 1895 he founded the first laboratory in Kazan to study the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. In 1896 he founded Nevrologichesky Vestnik, the first Russian journal on neurological disorders. He founded the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in 1907 with his own funds and later became the State Academy. He is said to have died suddenly in good health and was killed by Stalin after advising him and diagnosing a “severe delusion”. [In the lunar calendar, the date of birth is February 20, 1857]. Died 24 Dec 1927 at age 70 (born 20 Jan 1857).